Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources Management
Research and teaching in the fields of hydraulic engineering and water resource management must answer important questions in connection with the global problems of the 21st century with regard to demographic and climatic change, the worldwide increase in flood catastrophes and droughts or the anthropogenic change and impairment of flowing and stagnant waters and propose ways of creating, managing, protecting and using water resources.
There is also still a need to develop suitable strategies for a coordinated response to the risk posed by floods or natural disasters to preserve the functions of water bodies in the natural balance, such as habitat, retention area, propagation and connectivity, and to restore these functions in developed water systems. It is essential that hydraulic engineering facilities are designed and constructed in a way that ensures the protection of water resources. This requires intensive and interdisciplinary research into development concepts for specific water resources with the aim of optimally connecting biotic and abiotic factors.
Today, extreme precipitation and flooding in flowing waters once again underline the importance of hydraulic engineering facilities for the storage and provision of drinking and process water as well as for the restriction of flood areas. Likewise, hydraulic engineering plants using water as a renewable energy source can make a sustainable contribution to the worldwide provision of electrical energy that should not be underestimated.
It is clear that management and prevention strategies must be developed on the basis of scientifically based findings and methods for supply areas of national and international importance.
Development and application of system-specific adaptation strategies for a sustainable adaptation and design of hydraulic engineering and water management systems.
Research priorities in hydraulic engineering:
- Ecological continuity of watercourses: Ascent and descent systems on transverse structures
- Water supply in arid areas,
- Networking of biotics and abiotics, ecological continuity of watercourses
- Implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive / EU Floods Directive / EU and national directives on sustainable design and maintenance of watercourses,
- Freeboard optimization and minimum water quantification at dams.
Research priorities in water resource management:
- Declining water availability in the context of global change, dam management and solids management
- Impact of anthropogenic influences on water as a resource
- Supply infrastructure in urban and rural areas
- Protection mechanisms and methods for water resources with the aim of preserving the ecological functions of water
- Analysis and resource management for sustainable water supply and sanitation in urban and/or arid areas.